ISLAMABAD: Psoriasis is a skin disease that can cause scaly red and silvery patches to form on many areas of the body. These areas include around the joints, trunk, and scalp.

Psoriasis outbreaks may be itchy or painful. Particularly itchy outbreaks or painful areas of psoriasis may lead to psoriasis scars. However, scarring can be prevented if the right steps are taken.

Most people familiar with psoriasis know there are several types of psoriasis. Though each type is treated differently from person to person, the resulting scars all end up looking similar.

Treatment and prevention for scars does not really vary between the forms of psoriasis. The person's doctor will ultimately determine which treatment is right for them.

Scarring does not tend to lead to other medical issues. However, when psoriasis scarring occurs on the scalp or hairline, it can lead to alopecia.
Alopecia occurs as the body starts to attack the hair follicles, which causes the hair to start falling out. Alopecia can result in patchy or full baldness.

If scarring has already formed, there are options to treat the scar tissue. These options include topical or surgical approaches.  A topical treatment is a cream or gel or other medication that is applied directly to the affected area.  Medical treatments include a number of creams, ointments, shampoos, and therapies that may help both prevent and reduce a person's scarring. These therapies may include a combination of the following.

Sunscreen is as much of a preventive measure as it is a treatment.

However, if a person applies sunscreen to an area that is healing, the effect of blocking the sun's harmful rays helps prevent color changes.

Tretinoin cream is actually designed to help treat pimples. It is often available in over-the-counter creams and ointments that target acne. However, a doctor may prescribe it to help begin the healing of the scarred area.

Salicylic acid helps the skin remove dead skin cells and reduce scaling. It is available over the counter and on prescription. People may use salicylic acid alongside corticosteroids or coal tar to increase its effectiveness. Salicylic acid is available in solutions, creams, washes, and shampoos.

Clobetasol cream works by preventing the areas affected by psoriasis from swelling and becoming red and itchy. This cream is prescribed most often for more mild cases of psoriasis. Clobetasol also comes in a spray making it easy to use on the scalp.

Surgical treatments and laser therapies are not typically a doctor's first option. People are most likely to receive these more advanced treatments if topical creams and ointments are not working or their psoriasis is more advanced.

There are many ways to prevent scarring from happening for most people with psoriasis. The best methods to prevent psoriasis scarring include.

Treating the psoriasis outbreak. One of the best methods of preventing scarring is keeping psoriasis under control. This includes following doctors' instructions and not skipping treatments.

Avoiding scratching the psoriasis patches. Scratching psoriasis patches can lead to damage that turns into scar tissue. It is best to apply approved creams and ointments to help reduce the uncomfortable feeling.

Protecting the skin from sun. Sunscreen should always be applied when outside. Also, many psoriasis medications leave a person at greater risk of sun damage.

Moisturizing. Moisturizers can help reduce dryness on patches of psoriasis. Moisturizers can also help prevent itchiness from the dryness, and the reduced need to itch can help prevent scarring.