Mouse study shows how a virus may trigger diabetes


ISLAMABAD, October 26 (online): New research conducted in mice has shown how coxsackievirus B type 4 — an enterovirus, a virus transmitted through the intestines may be able to trigger diabetes in people who have the virus.
A new study has shown a possible mechanism for triggering diabetes in people who have coxsackievirus B type 4 (CVB4), a type of enterovirus.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diabetes is an ongoing health condition that affects how a person’s body transforms food into energy.
As a person consumes food and drinks, their blood sugar increases. Their pancreas then produces the hormone insulin, which enables cells to access this blood sugar.
However, a person with diabetes may not be able to either make good use of insulin (type 2 diabetes) or produce enough of it (type 1 diabetes).
Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common form of diabetes, accounting for approximately 90–95% of all cases of diabetes in the adult population.
The American Diabetes Association consider both types of diabetes to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
For type 1 diabetes, scientists believe that viruses are one aspect of these environmental factors.